VOACAP Quick Guide: Home

Space Weather on 1 July 2022, 14:10 UTC

SN 42 | SFI 96 | Kp 1 | Ap 3 | Kt 1 | At 3 | Bz 1.1 | Dst 11 | XRY 1.00 | Pf 0.5 | SW 348

Sunspot Numbers for VOACAP

The SSN source of (near-)current sunspot numbers to be used with VOACAP:
SIDC (Belgium), http://www.sidc.be/silso/prediml

Real-Time K-Index

A 3-hourly index of geomagnetic activity expressed in the logarithmic units on a scale from 0 to 9.

http://flux.phys.uit.no/Kindice/k_tro2a.gif, Tromso Geophysical Observatory

Magnetogram: State of Earth's Magnetic Field

Variations in Earth's magnetic field are measured by magnetometers. Any strong and sudden variations (up or down) in the X component (uppermost graph) are indications of VHF radio-auroral activity (e.g. on 144 MHz when variations suddenly peak, say, 300 nT).

http://www.sgo.fi/Data/RealTime/Kuvat/magrtday.png, Sodankylä Geophysical Observatory

hhttp://flux.phys.uit.no/Last24/Last24_kev1a.gif, Utsjoki/Kevo

Real-Time Solar Wind

http://services.swpc.noaa.gov/images/ace-mag-swepam-3-day.gif, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Space Environment Center

X-Ray Flux

Class M and X flares affect the sunlit area of the Earth, causing increased D-region absorption. Strong flares are source of Shortwave Fadeouts (SWF) and Sudden Ionospheric Disturbances (SID). Look for the 1-8 Angstrom graph (red).

Proton Flux

High-energy protons are guided into the polar cap by Earth's magnetic field. Strong proton bursts are source of Polar Cap Absorption (PCA), i.e. high D-region absorption on paths passing through the polar areas. A proton event is in progress if the red curve crosses the threshold (dotted line) in the uppermost graph.