General information on the REC533 propagation prediction model
[This document is part of the help files integrated into the ITS HFBC software package.]
REC533 is a PC/Windows based implementation of the International Telecommunication Union's (ITU) propagation model Recommendation ITU-R PI.533. It predicts the expected performance of high frequency(HF) broadcast systems, and in doing so is useful in the planning and operation of HF transmissions for the four seasons, different sunspot activities, hours of the day, and geographic location.
This current version of REC533, running on a PC under Windows, was developed and is maintained by the United States Department of Commerce, National Telecommunications and Information Administration, Institute for Telecommunication Sciences (NTIA/ITS) located in Boulder, Colorado. It incorporates a colorful, user-friendly interface to easily modify input variables and produce the desired results.
Two implementations of REC533 are provided:
- REC533 produces point-to-point predictions.
Tabular output or contours of any output variable on a 24-hour by 30MHz graph.
- RECAREA produces area coverage predictions.
Contours of any output variable on world maps.
See the appropriate HELP file for more details of each model.
The information provided within this program via the HELP windows is concise and practical, written with the assumption that anyone executing these programs has a basic understanding of HF radio broadcasting, the propagation prediction model, and Windows (3.1 or newer).
This propagation prediction method for use in the estimation of reliability and compatibility between frequencies of about 3 MHz and 30 MHz derives from a method first proposed in 1983 by CCIR Interim Working Party 6/12 with later refinements following considerations by WARCs for HF broadcasting, the CCIR, broadcasting and other organizations. The procedure applies a ray-path analysis for path lengths up to 7000 km, composite mode empirical formulations from the fit to measured data beyond 9000 km, and a smooth transition between these approaches over the 7000 - 9000 km distance range.
Monthly median basic MUF, incident sky-wave field strength, and available receiver power from a lossless receiving antenna of given gain are determined. Signal strengths are standardized against a CCIR measurement data bank. The method requires the determination of a number of ionospheric characteristics and propagation parameters at specified "control points".
The propagation program was made available to the ITU in July 1993 by Working Party 6A (WP6A). Information on the availability of that program is found in Resolution 63. This implementation was simultaneously developed by the U.S. Department of Commerce NTIA/ITS in Boulder, Colorado under contract from the Voice of America. It includes the point-to-point and area coverage models.
REC533 - ITU/RS version of REC533 for Point-to-Point predictions
The name REC533 used here represents the implementation of the ITU's REC533 propagation prediction program in the Point-to-Point mode. This is to differentiate it from RECAREA which represents REC533 in the Area Coverage mode.
Point-to-Point means that the propagation for a path from a transmitter to a receiver is calculated. Output may be either tabular (line printer style reports), or graphical (contours of parameters on a Frequency versus Time plot).
See the HELP topics under REC533 for complete information on operation.
RECAREA - ITU/RS version of REC533 for Area coverage predictions
The name RECAREA used here represents the implementation of the ITU's REC533 propagation prediction program in the Area Coverage mode. This is to differentiate it from REC533 which represents REC533 in the Point-to-Point mode.
Area Coverage means that the propagation for a path from a transmitter to a GRID of receivers is calculated. All parameters (5) are saved and may be plotted when requested. Results consist of contours of any parameter plotted on world political boundaries. Plots are created with an Azimuthal-Equidistant projection. The user specifies the projection center and the area of interest relative to that projection center.
The following layers of data may be included:
- Latitude/Longitude lines
- CIRAF zones
- World political boundaries
- User defined CITIES file
- Antenna main beam direction
- Contours of any propagation parameter
See the HELP topics under RECAREA for complete information on operation.